Calluses, like corns, are thickened layers of skin. Initially, a hot spot or blister may be present but if the pressure continues, a callus will often form. These lesions will usually form beneath weight bearing, bony segments of the foot. Characteristically this includes the metatarsal heads or ball of the foot, the heel, and the under surface of certain toes.
What causes calluses and corns?
Calluses are natures response to excessive friction and pressure. Not all calluses cause discomfort. A callus may be small, medium, or large in area but thin and diffuse in thickness.
These can be effectively dealt with by padding, insoles, and certain types of abrasive treatment procedures. On the other hand, these patches of rough skin may become deep and punctuate with circular type cores in their center. Various treatment methods are available by the foot specialist that are geared towards re-establishing proper balance and weight distribution.
As with many problems of the foot, try to accommodate these lesions with padding. You can also try to control foot strike and function by an arch supportive device or correct the orthopedic condition that exists.
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