Heel fissures, or cracked heels, are not only a cosmetic problem and a nuisance, but they can also lead to serious medical problems. Cracked heels occur when the skin on the bottom or outer edge of the heel become calloused and hard – sometimes causing deep fissures to form that can be painful or bleed.
What causes heel fissures?
Heel fissures can affect anyone, but people who live in dry climates are especially susceptible. Obesity, consistently walking barefoot wearing sandalsand people with inactive sweat glands are also more likely to develop cracked heels.
Like many foot conditions, cracked heels can become more dangerous if they go untreated, as they can become infected. This is especially dangerous for people with diabetes or a compromised immune system.
Treatment and Prevention
To start, try moisturizing your feet regularly. This may help cracked heels from occuring in the first place. If they are already present, use a pumice stone daily to gently decrease the thickl ayers of skin. Try not to go barefoot or wear open-backed shoes. Shoes with thin soles should also be avoided, as they can also exacerbate ate the issue. Shoes with good shock absorption can also improve the condition. Continue to moisturize your feet, as this will help prevent the issue from progressing.
If the problem persists, see your foot doctor.
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